Emu farming is the present hot topic in Indian livestock business and for good reason- there are approximately 2, 500 emu farms in India and the number is growing as we speak. Thus, for anyone who is looking to enter the livestock business, but does not want to go into traditional poultry farming, can always consider emu farming as an option. Read ahead to know how to start Emu bird farming in India and get maximum returns on your investment.
The emu is a bird that is native to Australia. Being flightless, its strong and powerful legs compensate for its lack of aerial prowess. It’s a rather large bird, pretty ferocious in appearance, but just as gentle by habit. There are many different types of emu birds that can be farmed. India’s affair with emu farming began a long time back with its introduction in the 1990s. The industry has been on a growth spiral ever since. In this article, we are going to introduce you to the basic skills required to start an Emu farm and also advise the steps in how to go about such a venture.
So, here we go:
Identify the Regions Where Emu Farming is Popular
Emu farming is highly prevalent in the South Indian states, with a large number of farms situated in Maharashtra and Kerala. It is also gaining ground in western India, especially in the state of Gujarat. However, the North Indian states of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh are yet to become privy to this new development in livestock farming. So it’s better if you start your farm in the places which already have a ready market for emu products, such as Maharashtra.
Understand and Recognize the Emu Products
Emu farming results in the production and sell of four products, which are:
- Eggs of the emu bird
- Chicks of the Emu which can be reared into next generation of livestock
- Emu breeder pairs which give birth to chicks
- Emu meat
Learn how to take Care of the Emu Bird
Taking care of a bird as large as the Emu is no joke. In Indian conditions, the emu can grow up to be 5 feet tall and weigh about 50kg. Thus, it is important that the bird has ample space to play and exercise, the recommended size of space being 300 sq. ft. This includes both the living space and activity area for the emu.
It is also important that the emu is not fed anything emu feed as lack of proper feed may result in the development of long-term problems in the birds. You should collect the feed from a trusted and certified company, for example, Godrej or Venky’s. Emus require vitamins A, B12, D and E, crude fiber, crude protein and minerals such as calcium and zinc. It’s best to have the amount of nutrition decided by a qualified veterinarian (vet) as it’s not necessary that every bird would require the same amount of nutritional supplements.
In addition to good nutrition, emus need to be vaccinated against certain diseases. Although the emu is a rugged and disease-resistant drug, certain diseases affect them rather rapidly. Among these the most deadly are Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis and Emu Enteritis.
Have Rational Expectations Regarding Cost and Revenue
It is quite a feat to provide exact or estimated cost details about any business, least of all livestock. Not only does one have to consider the price of the stock itself, but of infrastructure and most importantly, the cost of land. However, at the present market rate, the total cost of setting up an emu farm in India should work out to Rs8, 00, 000 approximately. However, additional overheads will increase the cost further- the exact amount varying with the case.
Revenues from Emu farms are quite high, although they come from limited sources. This means that you will probably have the same customers for years with very few additions each year, but each of your customers would pay you more in a week than you would have made in a month selling other poultry. For example, a freshly laid Emu egg sells for Rs1, 200 – 2, 500 and if you sell 20 eggs for Rs1, 200 per egg, you will earn a whopping Rs24, 000 in one day!
Emu Farming provides great opportunity for young entrepreneurs in India and will prosper further in the future. Thus, if you want to enter into a business that will see unprecedented boom in the near future, Emu farming is the path for you.